The General Assembly is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations and the only one where all 193 Member States are equally represented. DISEC is the General Assembly First Committee. It exists to deal with issues that threatens the peace of the international community and all those that concern disarmament and international security within the scope of the UN Charter.
Topic A: Combating the Threat of Non-state Actors
After World War II and the Cold War, international relations, as well as global politics, have drastically changed. States are no longer considered as the only important actor. Non-State Actors (NSAs) includes Intergovernmental Organizations (IGOs), Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs), Multinational Corporations (MNCs), and individuals. NSAs refers to any individual or group that is not a part of the state government but possesses great influence over international relations and the sovereignty of states.
Due to globalization, urbanization, and the widespread use of the Internet, NSAs have been able to bring positive impact to the international society. However, more and more groups categorized as Violent Non-State Actors (VNSAs), were also able to carry out illegal strikes on a gloabl scale, threatening global peace. VNSAs typically violate human rights and can usually be related to terrorists. The United Nations, in cooperation with several nations, have taken necessary actions to combat NSAs, protecting the lands and sovereignty of affected regions. Several resolutions have been adopted to prevent, condemn, or hold responsible the NSAs over the past years.
Nevertheless, the threats of NSAs continue to exist. Combating the threat of NSAs requires close cooperation among states and is a complicated and time-consuming process that will spread out in the course of the years. In light of the menaces in recent year, delegates will be working to come up with appropriate countermeasures and ways to disarm the VNSAs.
Topic B: Proliferation of Illicit Trade of Weapons
The market and trade of weapons include both the legal and illegal trade of weapons and any the trade of any other accessory or parts related to the functioning and use of weapons. A trade is considered illegal when it is done without government approval and is in violation of international or national law.
Illicit traded weapons are often used in organized crimes, civil wars, and other armed conflicts. More and more weapons are falling into the hands of terrorists or other violent groups. Everyday a thousand people die from gunshot wounds, and this is excluding the people dying in wars.
However, it is very difficult for governments to control the proliferation of weapons. As you can see in the media, the popular perception is that gun violence is simply an unavoidable consequence of human cruelty, rather than a public health problem that can be prevented or at least reduced. We believe that every government should take some actions in order to limit the proliferation of guns and save millions of lives. To come up with some efficient solutions, the UN has held some conferences where all governments can discuss this matter. They have found some solutions that have not been proven to be efficient. This time, our committee would like to join the international community by discussing this matter and find new effective solutions to this problem.